An autoinhibited structure of α-catenin and its implications for vinculin recruitment to adherens junctions

Noboru Ishiyama, Nobutoshi Tanaka, Kentaro Abe, Yoo Jeong Yang, Yazan M. Abbas, Masataka Umitsu, Bhushan Nagar, Stephanie A. Bueler, John L. Rubinstein, Masatoshi Takeichi, Mitsuhiko Ikura

研究成果: Article査読

76 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

α-Catenin is an actin- and vinculin-binding protein that regulates cell-cell adhesion by interacting with cadherin adhesion receptors through β-catenin, but the mechanisms by which it anchors the cadherin-catenin complex to the actin cytoskeleton at adherens junctions remain unclear. Here we determined crystal structures of αE-catenin in the autoinhibited state and the actin-binding domain of αN-catenin. Together with the small-angle x-ray scattering analysis of full-length αN-catenin, we deduced an elongated multidomain assembly of monomeric α-catenin that structurally and functionally couples the vinculin- and actin-binding mechanisms. Cellular and biochemical studies of αE- and αN-catenins show that αE-catenin recruits vinculin to adherens junctions more effectively than αN-catenin, partly because of its higher affinity for actin filaments. We propose a molecular switch mechanism involving multistate conformational changes of α-catenin. This would be driven by actomyosin-generated tension to dynamically regulate the vinculin-assisted linkage between adherens junctions and the actin cytoskeleton.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)15913-15925
ページ数13
ジャーナルJournal of Biological Chemistry
288
22
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 5 31
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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