An application of the novel quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical method combined with the theory of energy representation: An ionic dissociation of a water molecule in the supercritical water

Hideaki Takahashi, Wataru Satou, Takumi Hori, Tomoshige Nitta

研究成果: Article査読

26 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A novel quantum chemical approach recently developed has been applied to an ionic dissociation of a water molecule (2H 2O→H 3O ++OH -) in ambient and supercritcal water. The method is based on the quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) simulations combined with the theory of energy representation (QM/MM-ER), where the energy distribution function of MM solvent molecules around a QM solute serves as a fundamental variable to determine the hydration free energy of the solute according to the rigorous framework of the theory of energy representation. The density dependence of the dissociation free energy in the supercritical water has been investigated for the density range from 0.1 to 0.6 g/cm 3 with the temperature fixed at a constant. It has been found that the product ionic species significantly stabilizes in the high density region as compared with the low density. Consequently, the dissociation free energy decreases monotonically as the density increases. The decomposition of the hydration free energy has revealed that the entropic term (-TΔS) strongly depends on the density of the solution and dominates the behavior of the dissociation free energy with respect to the variation of the density. The increase in the entropic term in the low density region can be attributed to the decrease in the translational degrees of freedom brought about by the aggregation of solvent water molecules around the ionic solute.

本文言語English
論文番号044504
ジャーナルJournal of Chemical Physics
122
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 8 8
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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