Trophoblast cell surface antigen 2 (TROP2), reported to be overexpressed in several types of cancer, is involved in cell proliferation, invasion, metastasis, and poor prognosis of many types of cancer. Previously, a highly sensitive anti-TROP2 monoclonal antibody (clone TrMab-6; mouse IgG2b, κ) was developed using a Cell-Based Immunization and Screening (CBIS) method. TrMab-6 was useful for investigations using flow cytometry, western blot, and immunohistochemistry. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether TrMab-6 possesses in vitro antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) or complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) activities or in vivo antitumor activities using mouse xenograft models of TROP2-overexpressed CHO-K1 (CHO/TROP2) and breast cancer cell lines, including MCF7, MDA-MB-231, and MDA-MB-468. In vitro experiments revealed that TrMab-6 strongly induced ADCC and CDC activities against CHO/TROP2 and the three breast cancer cell lines, whereas it did not show those activities against parental CHO-K1 and MCF7/TROP2-knockout cells. Furthermore, in vivo experiments on CHO/TROP2 and MCF7 xenografts revealed that TrMab-6 significantly reduced tumor growth, whereas it did not show antitumor activities against parental CHO-K1 and MCF7/TROP2-knockout xenografts. The findings suggest that TrMab-6 is a promising treatment option for TROP2-expressing breast cancers.
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