An agonistic anti-Toll-like receptor 4 monoclonal antibody as an effective adjuvant for cancer immunotherapy

Hiroki Tsukamoto, Kanae Kubota, Ayumi Shichiku, Masamitsu Maekawa, Nariyasu Mano, Hideo Yagita, Shoichiro Ohta, Yoshihisa Tomioka

研究成果: Article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Immune-checkpoint blockade antibodies have been approved for the treatment of cancer. However, poorly immunogenic tumours are less responsive to such therapies. Agonistic anti-Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) activate only cell-surface TLR4; in contrast, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates both TLR4 and intracellular inflammatory caspases. In this study, we investigated the adjuvant activity of an anti-TLR4 mAb in T-cell-mediated antitumour immunity. The anti-TLR4 mAb induced the activation of antigen-specific T-cells in adoptive transfer studies. The growth of ovalbumin (OVA)-expressing tumours was significantly suppressed by administration of OVA and the anti-TLR4 mAb in combination, but not individually. The antitumour effect of anti-PD-1 mAb was enhanced in mice administered with OVA plus the anti-TLR4 mAb. The OVA-specific IFN-γ-producing CD8 T-cells were induced by administration of OVA and the anti-TLR4 mAb. The suppression of tumour growth was diminished by depletion of CD8, but not CD4, T-cells. The inflammatory response to the anti-TLR4 mAb was of significantly lesser magnitude than that to LPS, as assessed by NF-κB activation and production of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β. Administration of LPS (at a dose that elicited levels of proinflammatory cytokines comparable to those by the anti-TLR4 mAb) plus OVA induced no or less-marked activation of OVA-specific T-cells and failed to suppress tumour growth in mice. In conclusion, the agonistic anti-TLR4 mAb induces potent CD8 T-cell-dependent antitumour immunity and an inflammatory response of lesser magnitude than does LPS. The agonistic anti-TLR4 mAb has potential as an adjuvant for use in vaccines against cancer.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)136-149
ページ数14
ジャーナルImmunology
158
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 10 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫アレルギー学
  • 免疫学

フィンガープリント

「An agonistic anti-Toll-like receptor 4 monoclonal antibody as an effective adjuvant for cancer immunotherapy」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル