Aldo-keto reductase (AKR) 1C3 (type 5 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and prostaglandin F synthase), may stimulate proliferation via steroid hormone and prostaglandin (PG) metabolism in the breast. Purified recombinant AKR1C3 reduces PGD2 to 9α,11β-PGF2, Δ4-androstenedione to testosterone, progesterone to 20α-hydroxyprogesterone, and to a lesser extent, estrone to 17β-estradiol. We established MCF-7 cells that stably express AKR1C3 (MCF-7-AKR1C3 cells) to model its over-expression in breast cancer. AKR1C3 expression increased steroid conversion by MCF-7 cells, leading to a pro-estrogenic state. Unexpectedly, estrone was reduced fastest by MCF-7-AKR1C3 cells when compared to other substrates at 0.1 μM. MCF-7-AKR1C3 cells proliferated three times faster than parental cells in response to estrone and 17β-estradiol. AKR1C3 therefore represents a potential target for attenuating estrogen receptor α induced proliferation. MCF-7-AKR1C3 cells also reduced PGD2, limiting its dehydration to form PGJ2 products. The AKR1C3 product was confirmed as 9α,11β-PGF2 and quantified with a stereospecific stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method. This method will allow the examination of the role of AKR1C3 in endogenous prostaglandin formation in response to inflammatory stimuli. Expression of AKR1C3 reduced the anti-proliferative effects of PGD2 on MCF-7 cells, suggesting that AKR1C3 limits peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) signaling by reducing formation of 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-PGJ2 (15dPGJ2).
|ジャーナル||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2010 2 15|
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