Triple A syndrome is an aufosomal recessive neuroendocrinological disease caused by mutations in a gene that encodes 546 amino acid residues. The encoded protein is the nucleoporin ALADIN, a component of nuclear pore complex (NPC). We identified a mutant ALADINI482S that fails to target NPC and investigated the consequences of mistargeting using cultured fibroblasts (I482Sf) from a patient with triple A syndrome. ALADINI482S affected a karyopherin-α/β-mediated import pathway and decreased nuclear accumulations of aprataxin (APTX), a repair protein for DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs), and of DNA ligase I in I482Sf. This decrease was restored by wild-type ALADIN. ALADINI482S had no effect on imports of M9/kap-β2, BIB/kap-β3, histone H1/importin 7, the ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UbcM2 importin 11, or the spliceosome protein U1A, indicating that ALADIN I482S selectively impaired transport of discrete import complexes through NPC. Cell survival assay showed hypersensitivity of I482Sf to L-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO), a glutathione-depleting agent. BSO decreased nuclear APTX and ligase I levels in I482Sf and normal control fibroblasts, but increased SSBs only in I482Sf. These observations implied that I482Sf are hypersensitive to BSO and no longer sufficiently repair SSBs. Consistent with this notion, I482Sf transfected with both APTX and ligase I had increased resistance to BSO, whereas I482Sf transfected with LacZ vector remained hypersensitive to BSO. We propose that oxidative stress aggravates nuclear import failure, which is already compromised in patient cells. Consequent DNA damage, beyond the limited capacity of DNA repair proteins, i.e., APTX and ligase I, may participate in triggering cell death.
|ジャーナル||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2006 2 14|
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