The wealth of English loanwords in the contemporary Japanese lexicon is well-known and constitutes a traditional research topic in Japanese linguistics. In contrast, there are very few previous studies that systematically investigate Japanese word-formation material and schemas copied from English. As a preliminary attempt to fill the gap, this paper examines the borrowing of three different English grammatical items: the adjectivalizing suffixic, the possessive pronoun my, and the preposition in. While the first case is affix-to-affix borrowing, the latter two cases are borrowing of grammatical words as word-formation items. First, -ic is borrowed as an adjectivalizing suffix, which, however, differs from the model in the type of adjectives produced. Next, the copy of my functions as a prefix that produces nouns with an anaphoric nature, which are reminiscent of self-N forms in English. The most complicated of the three are nominal modifiers involving the copying of in. In some cases, the model lends its surface form only; in other cases, its form and head-first structure are both replicated. To account for the qualitative mismatches between the donor model and recipient copy, the authors emphasize certain typological differences between the two languages involved.
|ジャーナル||SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018|
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