This paper presents a new Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) S-Box hardware design based on linear mappings optimized by combining multiplicative and exponential offsets. Generally, the performance of S-Box with composite field representations depends on the structure of linear mappings (i.e., transformation matrices) between the polynomial field and composite field before and after the S-Box. So far, multiplicative and exponential offsets have been applied only to Boyar-Peralta type S-Box variants for optimizing the transformation matrix. In this study, we apply the offset methods to another S-Box based on the redundant Galois field arithmetic and evaluate the performance by logic synthesis. Specifically, we design and evaluate two new types of S-Box hardware: one for encryption only (ENC) and the other for both encryption and decryption (ENC/DEC). The evaluation result confirms that the proposed ENC and ENC/DEC S-Boxes achieve a performance up to 8.7% and 28.8% higher, respectively, than the highest-performing conventional ones in terms of the area timing (AT) product.
|ジャーナル||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs|
|出版ステータス||Accepted/In press - 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas