Disposal of the increasingly huge amounts of sewage sludge (SeS) has become an impending problem worldwide. To solve this problem, a high-solid anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) was used for the anaerobic co-digestion (AcoD) of SeS and food waste (FW). This study investigated the effects of SeS ratio on the methanogenic performance of the AcoD with a gradual increase value from 0 to 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (total solids based). The results showed that the highest methanogenic performance was achieved at mono FW digestion. As for the co-digestion, the optimal FW/SeS ratio for methanogenic performance was 75%:25% among all the mixing ratios. The COD based biogas yield and methane yield were 0.498 L-biogas/g-CODfed and 0.295 L-CH4/g-CODfed at this optimal mixing ratio, which were 67.7% and 67.6% higher than those of the mono SeS digestion, respectively. The upgraded values were attributed to the improved hydrolysis ratio (by 8.14%) and the balanced carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratio by co-digestion with FW, which synergistically stimulated methanogenesis ratio by 81.0%. The continuous membrane filtration property was investigated and four typical trans-membrane pressure (TMP) variation curves at different fouling degrees were determined. The membrane could sustainably operate at a flux of 6 L/m2/h (LMH) at the mixed liquor total solids (MLTS) concentration of 25 - 30 g/L. The combination of continuous membrane filtration property, particle size distribution of the mixed liquor and the external forces analysis was firstly applied to unravel the membrane fouling mechanism of a high-solid AnMBR. The result of this study will contribute to the establishment of an efficient FW and SeS treatment strategy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecological Modelling
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal