Action spectrum analysis of UVR genotoxicity for skin: The border wavelengths between UVA and UVB can bring serious mutation loads to skin

Hironobu Ikehata, Shoichi Higashi, Shingo Nakamura, Yasukazu Daigaku, Yoshiya Furusawa, Yasuhiro Kamei, Masakatsu Watanabe, Kazuo Yamamoto, Kotaro Hieda, Nobuo Munakata, Tetsuya Ono

研究成果: Article査読

19 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

UVR causes erythema, which has been used as a standardized index to evaluate the risk of UVR for human skin. However, the genotoxic significance of erythema has not been elucidated clearly. Here, we characterized the wavelength dependence of the genotoxic and erythematic effects of UVR for the skin by analyzing the induction kinetics of mutation and inflammation in mouse skin using lacZ-transgenic mice and monochromatic UVR sources. We determined their action spectra and found a close correlation between erythema and an epidermis-specific antigenotoxic response, mutation induction suppression (MIS), which suppressed the mutant frequencies (MFs) to a constant plateau level only 2-3-fold higher than the background MF at the cost of apoptotic cell death, suggesting that erythema may represent the threshold beyond which the antigenotoxic but tissue-destructive MIS response commences. However, we unexpectedly found that MIS attenuates remarkably at the border wavelengths between UVA and UVB around 315 nm, elevating the MF plateaus up to levels ∼40-fold higher than the background level. Thus, these border wavelengths can bring heavier mutation loads to the skin than the otherwise more mutagenic and erythematic shorter wavelengths, suggesting that erythema-based UVR risk evaluation should be reconsidered.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1850-1856
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Investigative Dermatology
133
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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