The present study focuses on the behavior of dust particles in a high temperature gas atmosphere exposed to powerful standing sound waves. Six resonance frequencies within the range of 0-1 000 Hz were chosen for the experiments because they provide high values of sound pressure in the working space. The particles (0.1∼80μm) were produced by evaporating a sample of Zn at temperature about 1 173 K under Ar atmosphere, cooling the Zn vapor and transferring the formed particles to a sonoprocessing chamber for sound exposure. The particle samples were taken at the upper place of the chamber, and the samples were analyzed for size distribution and number density in the gas phase. Application of sound waves is found to result in enlargement of particles (acoustic agglomeration), and reduction of their number density and concentration in the gas. The experiments showed that the particle agglomeration is enhanced as the sound pressure amplitude increases, while the effect of sound frequency played a smaller role in the particle behavior. In the frequency range tested, the most evident agglomeration effect was obtained at frequencies of 210 and 991 Hz at which a 50 % increase in particle size and 60 % decrease of particle number density in exhaust gas can be achieved in comparison to the corresponding values without sound application. The experimental results are discussed on the basis of the orthokinetic mechanism in relation to the acoustically forced oscillation and collision between the differently sized particles.
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