The purpose of this study is to investigate the primary somatosensory function in patients with unilateral polymicrogyria. Somatosensory evoked fields (SEFs) due to median and posterior tibial nerve stimulation were compared in the normal and dysplastic cortices of five patients with unilateral polymicrogyria. SEFs were observed in all five normal hemispheres and three dysplastic hemispheres. Latencies of N20m and P38m, the first cortical components of and SEFs for median nerve and tibial nerve stimulation, were all within the normal range in both normal and dysplastic hemispheres. The amplitudes of the N20m and P38m in the dysplastic hemispheres were smaller in one patient and larger in two patients compared to the normal hemispheres. Equivalent current dipoles of N20m and P38m were localized on the anatomical central sulcus of the normal hemispheres and over the central area of the dysplastic hemispheres. P38m dipoles were localized medial and upward to the N20m dipole in both normal and dysplastic hemispheres. N20m dipole orientation was normal in all normal hemispheres and in one dysplastic hemisphere, but abnormally inferior in two dysplastic hemispheres. P38m dipole had normal medial orientation in all hemispheres except one dysplastic hemisphere. Abnormality of the primary somatosensory function in the dysplastic cortex of patients with unilateral polymicrogyria was clearly demonstrated by magnetoencephalography with high resolution in time and space. The normal somatotopic arrangement was preserved.
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