A tsunami generated by a possible submarine slide: Evidence for slope failure triggered by the north anatolian fault movement

K. Minoura, F. Imamura, U. Kuran, T. Nakamura, G. A. Papadopoulos, D. Sugawara, T. Takahashi, A. C. Yalciner

研究成果: Article査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A tsunamigenic sediment layer has been discovered in fluvio-alluvial sequences on the northern coast of the Marmara Sea, northwestern Turkey. The layer consists of unsorted silty coarse sand including terrestrial molluscs and charcoal fragments. The AMS radiometric ages of the shells have been estimated at around BC 400, AD 300, AD 400, and AD 1000. We propose that a tsunami occurred in the Marmara Sea in the middle of 11th century and invaded the fluvial plains. The older fossils were derived from the underlying horizons, and it is probable that buoyant materials such as terrestrial molluscs and charcoals were isolated from liquefied sediments during submarine sliding. Slope failure of coastal blocks triggered by fault movement generated tsunamis, which might have transported floating materials to the backshore.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)297-306
ページ数10
ジャーナルNatural Hazards
36
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 水の科学と技術
  • 大気科学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)

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