A significant association of viral loads with corneal endothelial cell damage in cytomegalovirus anterior uveitis

Masaru Miyanaga, Sunao Sugita, Norio Shimizu, Tomohiro Morio, Kazunori Miyata, Kazuichi Maruyama, Shigeru Kinoshita, Manabu Mochizuki

研究成果: Article査読

71 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation between the clinical manifestation and the cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load in the aqueous humour of patients with CMV anterior uveitis. Methods: Seven patients with CMV-associated iridocyclitis and four patients with CMV-associated corneal endotheliitis were enrolled. Presence of CMV, but not other human herpes viruses, was confirmed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Viral load was measured using real-time PCR. Clinical manifestations were examined using a slit-lamp microscope and ophthalmoscope, applanation tonometer and specular microscope. Results: All 11 patients had unilateral recurrent anterior uveitis with high intraocular pressure and mutton fat keratic precipitates with pigmentation. Stromal oedema of the cornea was found in CMV-associated endotheliitis, but not in CMV-associated iridocyclitis patients. A significant corneal endothelium cell loss was recorded in all 11 patients with CMV-associated endotheliitis and iridocyclitis patients. High viral loads of CMV were detected in the aqueous humour of all 11 patients. A significant association was found between the corneal endothelial cell loss intensity and CMV viral load in the aqueous humour. Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between the CMV viral load and corneal endothelial cell loss in both CMV-associated iridocyclitis and corneal endotheliitis.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)336-340
ページ数5
ジャーナルBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
94
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 3月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 眼科学
  • 感覚系
  • 細胞および分子神経科学

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