This paper discusses a self-sensing vibration suppression method that measures only the value of the piezoelectric voltage. The method separates the electrical status into two cases concerning electrical current and characterizes each of these to establish a self-sensing system using extended system equations and a Kalman filter. Our self-sensing system can avoid estimation blackout during closed-circuit status and lessen harmful influences from residual modes. Experiments revealed that the self-sensing system suppressed vibrations in cooperation with state-switching and synchronized-switching controls. We confirmed that the self-sensing method is robust against model errors in a vibration suppression experiment in which there are model errors caused by an intentional frequency shift.
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