To elucidate the molecular basis of symptom expression in virus-infected plants, the changes in proteins between tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum cv. Ky57, leaves inoculated with cucumber mosaic virus strain Y [CMV(Y)] and strain O [CMV(O)], were compared by 2-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis. The appearance of chlorotic spots in CMV(Y)-inoculated tobacco leaves accompanied an increase of 3 polypeptides and a decrease in 6 polypeptides, as compared with those in the CMV(O)-inoculated tobacco which showed no clear symptoms. The decrease in the amounts of two polypeptides of 22 and 23 kDa was particularly significant: these two polypeptides were compared with a 24 kDa polypeptide, which co-migrated with them in 2-D gel electrophoresis but did not clearly decrease at an early stage of infection, as well as major other proteins of CMV(Y)-inoculated tobacco leaves. However, the 22, 23 and 24 kDa polypeptides showed the same peptide mapping pattern. Furthermore, the 12 amino acid residues at N-termini of the three polypeptides match those of the extrinsic 23 kDa polypeptide of an oxygen-evolving complex from spinach. A comparative analysis of the 22, 23 and 24 kDa polypeptides in N. tabacum and its ancestral parents, N. sylvestris and N. tomentosiformis, revealed that the 22 kDa polypeptide derives from N. sylvestris and the 23 kDa polypeptide from N. tomentosiformis; the 24 kDa polypeptide derives from both ancestral Nicotiana species. The results indicate that the polypeptides whose amounts differentially decrease with the progress of symptom expression in N. tabacum inoculated with CMV(Y) are one component of the oxygen-evolving complex in photosystem II.
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