Background: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA) is often unresectable, because it includes crucial blood vessels in portal area. The prognosis of locally advanced unresectable cholangiocarcinomas is extremely poor. Recently, there have been several reports of the prognosis improving drastically with transplantation and combined chemoradiation therapy. However, liver transplantation for pCCA has 2 big problems. The first is that pCCA is located at a lethal position and its progress is sometimes rapid; therefore, the optimal timing of transplantation is sometimes lost. The second is vascular complications associated with neoadjuvant radiation, especially in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). To overcome these problems, we performed conversion surgery using LDLT with simultaneous resection of the hepatic artery and portal vein, instead of neoadjuvant radiation. Herein, we report our experience of interposition reconstruction. Methods: A 31-year-old man with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) was diagnosed with locally advanced unresectable pCCA. The patient underwent radical chemotherapy (gemcitabine/cisplatin/S-1) and avoided radiation because of PSC. After 6 months, positron emission tomography–computed tomography revealed no lymph node metastasis. There was no time to wait. We immediately performed LDLT with simultaneous resection of hepatic artery and portal vein, and microsurgical reconstruction using auto-vessel grafts. Results: The recipient recovered and was discharged 31 days posttransplant. His liver function improved, and he has had no recurrence after LDLT. Conclusion: LDLT with neoadjuvant radiation is associated with high risk of vascular complications. In some cases, conversion surgery after radical chemotherapy using good timing LDLT without radiation may increase chances of transplantation for locally advanced pCCA.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2022 7月 1|
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