The growth-retarded (grt) mouse has an autosomal recessive, fetal-onset, severe thyroid hypoplasia related to TSH hyporesponsiveness. Through genetic mapping and complementation experiments, we show that grt is a missense mutation of a highly conserved region of the tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase 2 (Tpst2) gene, encoding one of the two Tpst genes implicated in posttranslational tyrosine O-sulfation. We present evidence that the grt mutation leads to a loss of TPST2 activity, and TPST2 isoform has a high degree of substrate preference for TSH receptor (TSHR). The expression of TPST2 can restore TSH-TSHR-mediated cAMP production in fibroblasts derived from grt mice. Therefore, we propose that the tyrosine sulfation of TSHR by TPST2 is crucial for TSH signaling and resultant thyroid gland function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology