In this paper, the nuclear quantum effect of the hydrogen molecule on its diffusivity was analyzed using the molecular dynamics (MD) method. The centroid MD (CMD) method was applied to reproduce the time evolution of the molecules. The diffusion coefficient of hydrogen was calculated using the Green-Kubo method over a wide temperature region, and the temperature dependence of the quantum effect of the hydrogen molecule on its diffusivity was addressed. The calculated results were compared with classical MD results based on the principle of corresponding state (PCS). It was confirmed that the difference in the diffusion coefficient calculated in the CMD and classical MD methods was small, and the PCS appears to be satisfied on the temperature dependence of the diffusion coefficient, even though the quantum effect of the hydrogen molecules was taken into account. It was clarified that this result did not suggest that the quantum effect on the diffusivity of the hydrogen molecule was small but that the two changes in the intermolecular interaction of hydrogen due to the quantum effect offset each other. Moreover, it was found that this tendency was related to the temperature dependence of the ratio of the kinetic energy of the quantum fluctuational motion to the classical kinetic energy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry