This article proposes a decoupling scheme for two-scale analysis of fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) exhibiting finite thermoviscoelasticity in consideration of the dependences of resin's mechanical and nonmechanical deformation characteristics on the degree of cure (DOC) and ambient temperature. To characterize the macroscopic material behavior, numerical material tests are carried out on a unit cell composed of a polymer resin matrix and carbon fibers. The generalized Maxwell model (GMM) is employed for resin' material behavior, while its orthotropic version is assumed for FRP. The evolution of DOC is reflected in the evaluation of the nonmechanical deformation by cure shrinkage in addition to thermal expansion/contraction. The key ingredient of this study is the novel strategy for identifying the macroscopic coefficients of these nonmechanical deformations, both of which must be separately defined in the equilibrium and nonequilibrium elements of the orthotropic GMM. In addition, a modification is originally made on the evolution equations of the nonequilibrium stresses in the GMM. The verification analyses are carried out to confirm the adequateness of the proposed identification methods and followed by numerical examples of two-scale analysis to demonstrate the capability of simulating the macro- and microscopic thermomechanical responses of FRP subjected to curing.
|ジャーナル||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2021 2 28|
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