A case of focal epilepsy manifesting multiple psychiatric auras

Michinori Ezura, Yosuke Kakisaka, Kazutaka Jin, Kazuhiro Kato, Masaki Iwasaki, Mayu Fujikawa, Masashi Aoki, Nobukazu Nakasato

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

We present a case of epilepsy with multiple types of focal seizures that were misdiagnosed as psychiatric disorders. A 20-year-old female patient presented with a variety of episodes, including loss of consciousness, deja vu, fear, delusion of possession, violent movements, and generalized convulsions. Each of these symptoms appeared in a stereotypic manner. She was initially diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder and treated with psychoactive medications, which had no effect. Long-term video electroencephalography revealed that her episodes of violent movement with impaired consciousness and secondarily generalized seizure were epileptic events originating in the right hemisphere. High-field brain magnetic resonance imaging for detecting subtle lesions revealed bilateral lesions from periventricular nodular heterotopia. Her final diagnosis was right hemispheric focal epilepsy. Carbamazepine administration was started, which successfully controlled all seizures. The present case demonstrates the pitfall of diagnosing focal epilepsy when it presents with multiple types of psychiatric aura. Epilepsy should thus be included in differential diagnoses, considering the stereotypic nature of symptoms, to avoid misdiagnosis.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)105-109
ページ数5
ジャーナルBrain and Nerve
67
1
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 1 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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