We demonstrate the frequency stabilization of a high output power, erbium silica fiber laser by utilizing a 13C2H2 (acetylene) absorption line at 1538.8 nm and a H13C14N (hydrogen cyanide) absorption line at 1549.73 nm. We introduced a novel short ring cavity configuration and pump power feedback control to suppress the intensity noise of the laser output, which is caused by the relaxation oscillation of erbium ions. As a result, we succeeded in simultaneously obtaining a stable single-frequency oscillation with an output power of over 290 mW, a linewidth of 5 kHz, and a low relative intensity noise (RIN) of -120 dB/Hz. The frequency stabilities reached 2.8 × 10-11 and 6.9 × 10-11 for an integration time of 1 s with a 13C2H2 and a H13C14N absorption line, respectively.
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