Organic dyes generating from many industries are considered as a potential source of water-pollution and have negative effects on human health. The present study was aimed to construct a green synthesis method for fabrication of ZnS-based dual nano-semiconductors and to compare the photocatalytic properties for removing cationic and anionic dyes. ZnS nanoparticles were synthesized using a template synthesis in bovine serum albumin (BSA) solution and then ZnS/PbS, ZnS/CdS and ZnS/Ag2S dual nano-semiconductors were prepared using ion-exchange method. Prepared nano-semiconductors were characterized by using HR-TEM, XRD, FTIR, TG/DTA and AAS. Moreover, photocatalytic activity of prepared nano-semiconductors was tested against Rhodamine B (cationic dye) and Methyl Orange (anionic dye). Results revealed that a controllable ZnS/PbS, ZnS/CdS and ZnS/Ag2S ratio in nano-semiconductors can be achieved by adjusting the ion-exchange time. Prepared ZnS based composites exhibited higher photocatalytic efficiency than that of ZnS alone. In addition, photocatalytic activity of ZnS-based dual nano-semiconductors was found to be dependent upon composition and ratio of sulphides in nano-semiconductors with environmental pH. It was concluded that the combination of template synthesis and ion-exchange method is a feasible approach to fabricate new photocatalysts with higher photocatalytic activity.
- Dual nano-semiconductors
- Template synthesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Process Chemistry and Technology