Yokukansan for Treatment of Preoperative Anxiety and Prevention of Postoperative Delirium in Cancer Patients Undergoing Highly Invasive Surgery. J-SUPPORT 1605 (ProD Study): A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Saho Wada, Ryoichi Sadahiro, Yutaka J. Matsuoka, Yosuke Uchitomi, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Tetsufumi Sato, Kazuaki Shimada, Seiichi Yoshimoto, Hiroyuki Daiko, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Akira Kawai, Tomoyasu Kato, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Ken Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: No standard preventive or therapeutic methods have been established for preoperative anxiety and postoperative delirium in patients with cancer. Objectives: To clarify the therapeutic effect of yokukansan for perioperative psychiatric symptoms in patients with cancer as well as to confirm its safety profile. Methods: This is a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial conducted at a single center in Tokyo, Japan. About 195 patients with cancer scheduled to undergo tumor resection took one packet of the study drug, which was administered orally. Coprimary outcomes were change in preoperative anxiety assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale—Anxiety and incidence of postoperative delirium assessed with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Interim analysis was performed with one-third (n = 74) of the target number of registered patients. Results: Because this trial was canceled based on the results of the interim analysis and the protocol treatment was discontinued in patients who were already registered, conclusions were based on the full analysis set of 160 participants. There were no significant differences between groups in the change of mean Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale—Anxiety score (intervention group [SD] 0.4 [3.0] vs. placebo group 0.5 [3.0]; P = 0.796) or the incidence of postoperative delirium (32% vs. 30%; P = 0.798). There were no serious adverse events in either group. Conclusion: In patients with cancer undergoing highly invasive surgeries, yokukansan demonstrated no significant efficacy for the treatment of preoperative anxiety or the prevention of postoperative delirium. Yokukansan is already used in daily practice in Japan, but we should be careful with its future use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-80
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Delirium
  • anxiety
  • herbal medicine
  • perioperative period
  • psycho-oncology
  • surgical oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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