Yokukansan, a traditional Japanese medicine, ameliorates memory disturbance and abnormal social interaction with anti-aggregation effect of cerebral amyloid β proteins in amyloid precursor protein transgenic mice

H. Fujiwara, S. Takayama, K. Iwasaki, M. Tabuchi, T. Yamaguchi, K. Sekiguchi, Y. Ikarashi, Y. Kudo, Y. Kase, H. Arai, N. Yaegashi

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48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The deposition of amyloid β protein (Aβ) is a consistent pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Therefore, inhibition of Aβ aggregation in the brain is an attractive therapeutic and preventive strategy in the development of disease-modifying drugs for AD. An in vitro study demonstrated that yokukansan (YKS), a traditional Japanese medicine, inhibited Aβ aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. An in vivo study demonstrated that YKS and Uncaria hook (UH), a constituent of YKS, prevented the accumulation of cerebral Aβ YKS also improved the memory disturbance and abnormal social interaction such as increased aggressive behavior and decreased social behavior in amyloid precursor protein transgenic mice. These results suggest that YKS is likely to be a potent and novel therapeutic agent to prevent and/or treat AD, and that this may be attributed to UH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-313
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience
Volume180
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 28

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid β proteins
  • Traditional medicine
  • Uncaria hook
  • Yokukansan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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