Y-Configuration Stenting for Coil Embolization of Complex Intracranial Aneurysms: Distinguishing Between Use of Crossing-Y and Kissing-Y

Kenichi Sato, Yasushi Matsumoto, Atsushi Kanoke, Akira Ito, Miki Fujimura, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Coil embolization with Y stenting is recognized as a suitable treatment for complex wide-necked aneurysms. Y stenting comprises crossing-Y stenting, in which a stent is passed through the interstices of another stent, and kissing-Y stenting, in which 2 stents are arranged in parallel. The purpose of this study was to elucidate how to distinguish between use of the 2 Y-stenting techniques. Methods: Clinical and angiographic data of patients who underwent coil embolization with Y stenting at our department from 2015 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Basic characteristics, endovascular procedure, complications, and outcomes were compared between kissing-Y and crossing-Y stenting groups. Results: Thirty-eight intracranial aneurysms in 38 consecutive patients were included in this study. Nineteen patients (50%) were treated with coil embolization with kissing-Y stenting and 19 (50%) with crossing-Y. Endovascular procedures were successfully performed in all but 1 patient, in the kissing-Y group, who had stent migration. One hemorrhage (2.6%) recurred 12 months after coiling with kissing-Y stenting. Angiographic follow-up (mean, 15.8 months) was available in 35 patients. Adequate occlusion was shown in 14 patients (77.8%) and 13 patients (76.5%) in the kissing-Y and crossing-Y groups, respectively. Larger, wider-necked, and more proximal aneurysms were treated with kissing-Y stenting than with crossing-Y stenting, although there were no significant differences between the groups in complication rates or clinical outcomes. Conclusions: Kissing-Y and crossing-Y stenting of intracranial aneurysms were both feasible and yielded reasonable angiographic and clinical results. The choice between the kissing-Y or crossing-Y-stenting technique should be decided according to the angioarchitecture of targeted aneurysms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1054-e1062
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume146
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bifurcation
  • Cerebral aneurysm
  • Endovascular treatment
  • Stent-assisted coiling
  • Y configuration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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