In an attempt to evaluate the role of the Xpc gene in maintaining genomic stability in vivo under normal conditions, the age-dependent accumulation of spontaneous mutations in different tissues was analyzed in Xpc-deficient lacZ-transgenic mice. Brain, testis, and small intestine revealed no effects from the Xpc-deficiency, whereas liver, spleen, heart, and lung showed an enhanced age-related accumulation of mutations in Xpc-deficient mice. In the spleen, the effect was not obvious at 2 and 12 months of age, but became apparent at 23 months. The magnitude of the observed effect at an advanced age was similar in the liver, spleen and heart, but was comparatively smaller in the lung. Haploinsufficiency was observed in liver and spleen but not in heart and lung. Analysis of DNA sequences in the mutants revealed that the frequency of G:C to T:A changes were elevated in the liver and heart of Xpc-deficient aged mice, supporting the possible involvement of XPC in base excision repair of oxidized guanine. The occurrence of two or more mutations within a single lacZ gene was termed a multiple mutation and was also elevated in old Xpc-deficient mice. Among the clones examined, two mutant clones showed as many as four mutations within a short stretch of DNA. This is the first demonstration to support suggestions for the existence of a role for XPC in the suppression of multiple mutations. These multiple mutations could conceivably be generated by error-prone trans-lesional DNA synthesis. Overall, these results indicate that there may be diverse roles or mechanisms through which XPC participates in genome maintenance in different tissues.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Nov 2|
- Spontaneous mutation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis