We report the x-ray photoexcitation effects on cycloidal magnetic order in a multiferroic perovskite-type manganite Gd0.5Tb0.5MnO3. The material exhibits a competition between the P(electricpolarization)||a ferroelectric state with the commensurate (C) ab-plane cycloidal and the P||c ferroelectric state with the incommensurate (IC) bc-plane cycloidal spin structure. The phase transition between these two phases can be induced by an application of a magnetic field. We found that the x-ray irradiation can induce the bidirectional and persistent phase transition between IC and C phases. The nonresonant x-ray magnetic diffraction revealed that both the initial and the x-ray induced phases have the bc-plane cycloidal magnetic structure, whereas the magnetic wave number varies between IC and C. The x-ray induced bc-plane cycloidal C phase is thus the hidden multiferroic phase in the Gd1-xTbxMnO3 system, which does not show up with the application of any static field.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Mar 24|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics