X-ray induced lock-in transition of cycloidal magnetic order in a multiferroic perovskite manganite

Y. Yamasaki, H. Nakao, Y. Murakami, T. Nakajima, A. Lafuente Sampietro, H. Ohsumi, M. Takata, T. Arima, Y. Tokura

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We report the x-ray photoexcitation effects on cycloidal magnetic order in a multiferroic perovskite-type manganite Gd0.5Tb0.5MnO3. The material exhibits a competition between the P(electricpolarization)||a ferroelectric state with the commensurate (C) ab-plane cycloidal and the P||c ferroelectric state with the incommensurate (IC) bc-plane cycloidal spin structure. The phase transition between these two phases can be induced by an application of a magnetic field. We found that the x-ray irradiation can induce the bidirectional and persistent phase transition between IC and C phases. The nonresonant x-ray magnetic diffraction revealed that both the initial and the x-ray induced phases have the bc-plane cycloidal magnetic structure, whereas the magnetic wave number varies between IC and C. The x-ray induced bc-plane cycloidal C phase is thus the hidden multiferroic phase in the Gd1-xTbxMnO3 system, which does not show up with the application of any static field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100403
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 24
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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