We have examined whether the Co ions crystallographically substitute on the Ti sites in rutile and anatase Ti1-x Cox O2-δ thin films that exhibit room-temperature ferromagnetism. Intensities of the x-ray Bragg reflection from the films were measured around the K absorption edge of Co. If the Co ions randomly substitute on the Ti sites, the intensity should exhibit an anomaly due to the anomalous dispersion of the atomic scattering factor of Co. However, none of the anatase and rutile samples did exhibit an anomaly, unambiguously showing that the Co ions in Ti1-x Cox O2-δ are not exactly located at the Ti sites of Ti O2. The absence of the anomaly is probably caused by a significant deformation of the local structure around Co due to the oxygen vacancy. We have applied the same method to paramagnetic Zn1-x Cox O thin films and obtained direct evidence that the Co ions are indeed substituted on the Zn sites.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Sep 18|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics