Wound healing in skin promoted by inoculation with Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1: The critical role of tumor necrosis factor-α secreted from infiltrating neutrophils

Emi Kanno, Kazuyoshi Kawakami, Masae Ritsu, Keiko Ishii, Hiromasa Tanno, Sohachi Toriyabe, Yoshimichi Imai, Ryoko Maruyama, Masahiro Tachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wound healing is promoted by the presence of replicating microorganisms adhering to the wounded tissue, but the precise mechanism is not fully understood. In the present study, using a rat model with full-thickness dermal wounds, we examined the effect of Pseudomonas aeruginosa inoculation on wound healing and the role of neutrophils infiltrating the wound site. Within 3 days, inoculation with this bacterium had accelerated re-epithelialization, epidermal cell proliferation, and neo-vascularization, as well as the local infiltration of neutrophils, which reached a peak at 24 hours. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was detected in the wound tissues on the mRNA and protein levels within 24 hours. Flow cytometry and immunohistochemical analyses detected higher levels of TNF-α in the infiltrating neutrophils in rats inoculated with P. aeruginosa than in uninoculated rats. Neutropenic rats treated with anti-neutrophil mAb or cyclophosphamide exhibited significant attenuation in re-epithelialization, epidermal cell proliferation, neo-vascularization, and TNF-α synthesis compared with control; administration of TNF-α reversed these attenuations. These wound-healing responses were decelerated in rats treated with anti-TNF-α mAb, as was the infiltration of neutrophils. These results indicate that inoculation with P. aeruginosa promotes wound healing by inducing the infiltration of neutrophils, which play a critical role as a major source of TNF-α.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)608-621
Number of pages14
JournalWound Repair and Regeneration
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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