Wing galaxies: A formation mechanism of the clumpy irregular galaxy Markarian 297

Yoshiaki Taniguchi, Masafumi Noguchi

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Numerical N-body simulations are made to understand a formation mechanism for the clumpy irregular starburst galaxy Markarian 297 ( = NGC 6052). We have found that a co-planar radial penetration collision between two disk galaxies explains overall morphological properties of Markarian 297. The evolutionary phase corresponds to about 1.5 × 108 yr after the impact. The morphology of the disturbed galaxy looks like a "wing." In the case that the colliding partner is deformed to a "ring" galaxy, the projected image of the two galaxies is quite similar to the entire observed shape of Markarian 297 when we observe the colliding system from a nearly edge-on view. It is also shown that the observed velocity field is well reproduced by this model. Numerical simulations of the gas cloud system are also made to study the star-forming activity in the galaxy. The unusually high star-formation rate (SFR) of Markarian 297, indicated by far-infrared observations, is explained as a sum of SFRs of both the wing and the ring galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1601-1608
Number of pages8
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1991 May
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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