Whole exome sequencing reveals recurrent mutations in BRCA2 and FAT genes in acinar cell carcinomas of the pancreas

Toru Furukawa, Hitomi Sakamoto, Shoko Takeuchi, Mitra Ameri, Yuko Kuboki, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Takashi Hatori, Masakazu Yamamoto, Masanori Sugiyama, Nobuyuki Ohike, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Michio Shimizu, Noriyuki Shibata, Kyoko Shimizu, Keiko Shiratori

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Abstract

Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas is a rare tumor with a poor prognosis. Compared to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, its molecular features are poorly known. We studied a total of 11 acinar cell carcinomas, including 3 by exome and 4 by target sequencing. Exome sequencing revealed 65 nonsynonymous mutations and 22 indels with a mutation rate of 3.4 mutations/Mb per tumor, on average. By accounting for not only somatic but also germline mutations with loss of the wild-type allele, we identified recurrent mutations of BRCA2 and FAT genes. BRCA2 showed somatic or germline premature termination mutations, with loss of the wild-type allele in 3 of 7 tumors. FAT1, FAT3, and FAT4 showed somatic or germline missense mutations in 4 of 7 tumors. The germline FAT mutations were with loss of the wild-type allele. Loss of BRCA2 expression was observed in 5 of 11 tumors. One patient with a BRCA2-mutated tumor experienced complete remission of liver metastasis following cisplatinum chemotherapy. In conclusion, acinar cell carcinomas show a distinct mutation pattern and often harbor somatic or germline mutations of BRCA2 and FAT genes. This result may warrant assessment of BRCA2 abrogation in patients with the carcinoma to determine their sensitivity to chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8829
JournalScientific reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Furukawa, T., Sakamoto, H., Takeuchi, S., Ameri, M., Kuboki, Y., Yamamoto, T., Hatori, T., Yamamoto, M., Sugiyama, M., Ohike, N., Yamaguchi, H., Shimizu, M., Shibata, N., Shimizu, K., & Shiratori, K. (2015). Whole exome sequencing reveals recurrent mutations in BRCA2 and FAT genes in acinar cell carcinomas of the pancreas. Scientific reports, 5, [8829]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep08829