We attempted to visualize dynamic adjustment of glucose utilization in humans in the whole-body organs during physical exercise by using three-dimensional positron emission tomography (3d-pet) and [18f]-2-fluoro-deoxy-glucose (fdg). Twelve healthy male volunteers collaborated on the study; six subjects were assigned to the resting control group (c) and the other six to the running group (e). Group E subjects performed running on a fiat road for 35 min. After 15 min of running, subjects injected Fdg and kept on running thereafter for another 20 min. Group C subjects sat on a comfortable chair in a quiet room for 35 min after the injection of Fdg. After scanning by Pet, the regions of interest (rois) were manually set on brain, heart, thorax, abdomen, lower extremities, and the rest of the body on the corresponding transaxial images. The uptake of Fdg in each region was evaluated as the % fraction of Fdg accumulation relative to the total amount of whole-body accumulation. The results revealed increase of Fdg uptake after running in the lower leg muscles from 24.6 ± 9.5% to 43.1 ± 4.7% and in the heart from 2.3 ± 0.4% to 2.8 ± 0.6%. The differences were significant (P < 0.05). These increases reflect the rise in energy consumption in leg and heart muscles and were balanced by the reduction of energy consumption in the other part of the body. FDG uptake in the abdominal region reduced from 37.3 ± 7.2% to 19.7 ± 4.9%. However, FDG uptake in the brain remained stable, i.e., 11.9 ± 2.8% at rest and 10.3 ± 2.5% after exercise. Thus, 3D-PET is a tool to visualize the dynamic adjustment of energy consumption during physical exercise in humans.
- Glucose utilization
- Running exercise
- Three-dimension positron emission tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation