What is an appropriate second-line regimen for recurrent endometrial cancer? Ancillary analysis of the SGSG012/GOTIC004/Intergroup study

Shoji Nagao, Shin Nishio, Satoshi Okada, Takeo Otsuki, Kiyoshi Fujiwara, Hiroshi Tanabe, Masashi Takano, Yoko Hasumi, Yuji Takei, Tetsuya Hasegawa, Takashi Matsumoto, Keiichi Fujiwara, Munetaka Takekuma, Kazuto Nakamura, Muneaki Shimada, Mitsuaki Suzuki, Junzo Kigawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Purpose: We previously reported that the concept of "platinum sensitivity" could be applied to recurrent endometrial cancer. We conducted an ancillary analysis to determine an appropriate second-line regimen for patients who received a platinum agent as first-line chemotherapy. Methods: We extracted and reanalyzed data of patients treated with doxorubicin and cisplatin (AP), paclitaxel and carboplatin (TC), or docetaxel and carboplatin (DC) as first- and second-line chemotherapies from the SGSG012/GOTIC004/Intergroup study. Results: We identified 216 patients: 38 received AP as first-line chemotherapy, of which 36 received TC or DC (Tax-C) as second-line chemotherapy; and 178 received Tax-C as first-line chemotherapy, of which 51 received AP and 127 received Tax-C as second-line chemotherapy. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after second-line chemotherapy decreased in the order of Tax-C followed by Tax-C (10 and 48 months, respectively), AP followed by Tax-C (9 and 23 months, respectively), and Tax-C followed by AP (3 and 12 months, respectively). Median PFS and OS after second-line chemotherapy for platinum-resistant patients receiving Tax-C as first-line chemotherapy were longer in Tax-C than in AP (7 and 23 vs. 3 and 10 months, respectively) as second-line chemotherapy [hazard ratio (HR) 3.255, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.908-5.555, p < 0.0001; HR 3.179, 95 % CI 1.835-5.507, p < 0.0001, respectively]. Median PFS and OS after second-line chemotherapy for platinum-sensitive patients receiving Tax-C as first-line chemotherapy were almost equivalent to those receiving Tax-C or AP as second-line chemotherapy. Conclusions: For platinum-resistant recurrent endometrial cancer patients, Tax-C may be preferred over AP as second-line chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2793
Pages (from-to)335-342
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 27

Keywords

  • AP therapy
  • Platinum sensitivity
  • Recurrent endometrial cancer
  • Second-line chemotherapy
  • TC therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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