Weight change since age 20 and incident risk of obesity-related cancer in Japan: a pooled analysis of the Miyagi Cohort Study and the Ohsaki Cohort Study

Mano Wakamatsu, Yumi Sugawara, Shu Zhang, Fumiya Tanji, Yasutake Tomata, Ichiro Tsuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is unclear whether weight change during adulthood affects the risk of obesity-related cancers such as those of the esophagus, colorectum, pancreas, breast, endometrium, and kidney among Japanese, where obesity is less frequent and less severe. We examined the association between weight change during adulthood and the risk of obesity-related cancer among Japanese by conducting a pooled analysis of two prospective studies of residents in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. A total of 78,743 persons (40,422 women and 38,321 men) aged 40–79 years participated in the Miyagi Cohort Study in 1990 and in the Ohsaki Cohort Study in 1994. Weight change since age 20 was divided into four categories (weight loss; stable weight; moderate weight gain; high weight gain). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to estimate the multivariate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for obesity-related cancer incidence. During 1,057,899 person-years of follow up, 4,467 cases of obesity-related cancer (women; 1,916 cases, men; 2,551cases) were identified. In women, compared to the stable weight, weight gain was associated with an increased risk of obesity-related cancer (moderate weight gain; HRs = 1.10, 95%CIs: 0.97–1.26, high weight gain; HRs = 1.29, 95%CIs: 1.14–1.47). The results indicate that weight gain since age 20 was associated with a significantly increased risk of obesity-related cancer among Japanese women. By contrast, in men, our study found that weight change is not associated with the incidence of obesity-related cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-980
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume144
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Cohort
  • Japan
  • incidence
  • obesity-related cancer
  • weight change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Weight change since age 20 and incident risk of obesity-related cancer in Japan: a pooled analysis of the Miyagi Cohort Study and the Ohsaki Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this