Wear resistance of SiO2-doped Y-TZP grinding media during wet milling

Hiroshi Ohnishi, Miyuki Takeuchi, Tohru Sekino, Yuichi Ikuhara, Koichi Niihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Grinding media 1 mm in diameter, containing 0.4 and 0.7 wt% SiO 2, were fabricated using Y-TZP powder prepared by the liquid-phase method. The wear resistance of media for grinding, with and without the addition of BaTiO3 powder, was evaluated at 20-80°C in water and in a nonaqueous solvent, isoparaffin. A rapid increase in the media wear rate of SiO2-undoped media at 60°C was observed using water as a solvent, but little wear was observed for isoparaffin. The operating time until a rapid increase in the wear rate was observed in water increased with the increase in the grain size of the Y-TZP media. When the media wear became stable, the media surface was observed to be smooth. This suggested that the hydration reaction of Y2O3 and/or ZrO2 by OH- was inhibited by an increase in the grain size, and as a consequence, the decay of the grain boundaries was suppressed. In contrast, several traces of grain loss from the grain boundaries were confirmed on the worn surface of the media when a rapid increase in the wear rate was observed. The wear resistance for grinding BaTiO3 powder using SiO2-doped and -undoped media was also investigated. The wear for SiO2-undoped media increased drastically with increasing slurry temperature; however, the wear for SiO2-doped media did not increase, but was low and stable, regardless of the slurry temperature. This indicated that the hydration reaction of Y2O 3 and/or ZrO2 by OH- was further inhibited by the segregation of SiO2 at the grain boundaries, and hence SiO 2-doped Y-TZP media have high wear resistance, even with increased slurry temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-511
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Marketing
  • Materials Chemistry


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