Wave dependence of sea-surface wind stress

Y. Toba, N. Iida, H. Kawamura, N. Ebuchi, I. S.F. Jones

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Abstract

Distribution of the wind stress over the oceans is usually estimated by using a bulk formula. It contains the squared 10 m wind speed multiplied by the drag coefficient, which has been assumed in many cases to be a weak function of the 10 m wind speed. Over land the important role of thermal stratification has been clearly recognized, but over the sea the influence of wind waves is less well documented. This paper presents evidence showing the likelihood that the influence of the wind waves can also be large. Charnock proposed an expression for the marine atmospheric boundary layer roughness parameter, z0, which depended only on the wind friction velocity, u*, and the acceleration of gravity, g. Toba and Koga have recently proposed an alternative expression for flow over growing wind waves, which are in local equilibrium with the wind, given by a form including the wind-wave spectral peak frequency explicity. The two expressions are compared with data from storms at an oil producing platform in Bass Strait, Australia. In these storms strong winds up to 25 m s-1 and large wind waves up to 12 s in significant wave period, from a direction of long fetch, lasted for two or three days. Further experiments focusing on the examination of the effect of ocean waves on the wind stress are recommended. (A)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-721
Number of pages17
JournalJ. PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY
Volume20
Issue number5 , May, 1990
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography

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    Toba, Y., Iida, N., Kawamura, H., Ebuchi, N., & Jones, I. S. F. (1990). Wave dependence of sea-surface wind stress. J. PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY, 20(5 , May, 1990), 705-721. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1990)020<0705:wdossw>2.0.co;2