Water uptake and conduction property of nano-grained yttria-doped zirconia fabricated by ultra-high pressure compaction at room temperature

Shogo Miyoshi, Yasuaki Akao, Naoaki Kuwata, Junichi Kawamura, Yukiko Oyama, Takehiko Yagi, Shu Yamaguchi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The nano-grained specimens of yttria-doped zirconia have been fabricated via a combination of low-temperature nano-powder synthesis and room-temperature high-pressure (4 GPa) compaction. The microstructure is essentially free from macroscopic pores but involves interfacial hydrated layers, which facilitate adsorption of water molecules within the specimens. The three kinds of proton-containing species, i.e., surface terminating OH groups, H-bonded H 2O molecules and free H 2O molecules, have been distinguished from each other by the Thermal Desorption Spectroscopy analysis in terms of thermal stability, and also by the 1H MAS-NMR measurements. The electric conduction in humidified atmospheres is dominated essentially by proton hopping below ca. 800 K, which is verified by the H/D isotope effect and water vapor pressure dependence. The effect of grain growth on the conductivity suggests that the protonic conduction path is the grain boundary or interface. The present study shows a good feasibility of fabricating proton-conducting materials based on nano-grained oxides, even if the bulk property involves negligible proton solubility and conductivity, by the formation of grain boundary network of interfacial hydration layer.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21-28
    Number of pages8
    JournalSolid State Ionics
    Volume207
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 18

    Keywords

    • Hydrated interface
    • Inorganic Nafion
    • Nano-grained zirconia
    • Proton conduction
    • Surface protonics
    • Ultra high-pressure compaction

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics

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