Water-soluble extracts from Angelica acutiloba Kitagawa enhance hematopoiesis by activating immature erythroid cells in mice with 5-fluorouracil-induced anemia

Ryo Hatano, Fumihide Takano, Shinji Fushiya, Mari Michimata, Tomoaki Tanaka, Itsuro Kazama, Michiko Suzuki, Mitsunobu Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extract from the root of Angelica acutiloba Kitagawa (AR), which is used as herbal medicine in Japan, has been reported to be clinically effective for postmenstrual blood loss and erythropoietin (EPO)-resistant anemia in chronic renal failure, although the pharmacological mechanisms underlying its clinical efficacy are unknown. We prepared an animal model of anemia by bolus injection of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) at 150 mg/kg to mice (8- to 12-week-old female C57BL/6J), and then administered orally the water-soluble fraction of AR to the anemic mice for 10 days. After confirming the anti-anemic effect of the water-soluble fraction of AR (AR-3) containing polysaccharides, we examined the effects of AR-3 on immature erythroid cell activity, EPO production, and plasma cytokine levels. AR-3 administration at 50 mg/kg activated erythroid progenitor cells in bone marrow on day 10, increased the percentage of peripheral reticulocytes in red blood cells on day 15, and led to the recovery of red blood cell count to a value that was almost equal to the basal level on day 20. Although EPO production, which was determined by examining EPO mRNA expression in kidney and liver, remained unaltered by AR-3 administration, this treatment significantly lowered plasma interferon-γ level, which may suppress the activity of erythroid progenitor cells. These results suggest that the polysaccharides in AR promote hematopoiesis by activating immature erythroid cells, in part, by suppressing cytokine secretion. Since the hematopoietic effect was achieved by high-dose AR-3, identification of specific polysaccharides is still required for the development of a novel medicine for anemia caused by a malignancy or chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)918-924
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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