Waste management strategy focused on maintenance, storage and recycling

Youji Someya, Kenji Tobita, Hiroyasu Utoh, Nobuyuki Asakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Waste is generated at the moment when the operation of a fusion reactor is halted and maintenance is started for periodic replacement of blanket modules and divertor. Used blanket and divertor need to be replaced shortly after the shutdown for high plant availability, as long as high surface dose rate and decay heat of the blanket and divertor can be handled. In this sense, nuclear characteristics of the blanket and divertor need to be understood for a reasonable maintenance scheme. For the purpose, neutronic calculations were carried out on the blanket and divertor using a THIDA-2 code with FENDL-2.0. For a SlimCS DEMO reactor, the calculated decay heat for each 1/12-sector was as high as 5 MW just after the shutdown and 0.3 MW one month later. For the maintenance, a cooled shielding structure (CSS) was proposed to remove the decay heat and to shield gamma-rays from the sector. When maintenance is done one month after the shutdown, the sector temperature is maintained to be 550 °C or lower with the cooling by the CSS of 50 °C. In order to avoid tritium release from the sector during the maintenance, a cask should be used to transport the sector. For efficient use of resources, breeding and neutron multiplying materials should be reused or recycled. A possible strategy for reuse or recycle is also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1285
Number of pages4
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume87
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Decay heat
  • Maintenance
  • Sector transport
  • SlimCS
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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