Waste ashes for use in agricultural production: I. Liming effect, contents of plant nutrients and chemical characteristics of some metals

Fu Shen Zhang, S. Yamasaki, M. Nanzyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical characteristics of 89 municipal waste ashes, including food scrap ash (FSA), animal waste ash (AWA), horticulture waste ash (HWA), sewage sludge ash (SSA) and incinerator bottom ash (IBA), from various locations in Japan were examined with the aim of evaluating their suitability for use in agriculture. Although the waste ashes came from different sources and consisted of various materials, the gross elemental composition was similar. Acid neutralization capacity (liming effect) for the waste ashes was equivalent to 10-30% of CaO and followed the sequence SSA>IBA>AWA>FSA>HWA. Average P concentrations for the five types of waste ashes ranged from 10 to 29 g kg-1 and average K concentrations ranged from 14 to 63 g kg-1, respectively. Metal contents in the waste ashes were compared with levels in Japanese agricultural soils. K in the waste ashes was 1.3-6 times higher and Ca was 3-12 times higher; contents of the other metals in FSA, AWA and HWA were generally less than five times higher, but Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Sn, Pb in SSA or IBA were approximately 10-200 times higher than those in soils. Moreover, the ceiling amounts of waste ashes that may be applied to main Japanese agricultural soils were calculated by using soil contamination standards for Cu. Water solubility of P and metals in the waste ashes were also examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-225
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume284
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Feb 4

Keywords

  • Acid neutralization capacity
  • Metals
  • Plant nutrients
  • Soils
  • Solubility
  • Waste ashes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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