Waiting time and mortality rate on lung transplant candidates in Japan: a single-center retrospective cohort study

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Abstract

Background: As lung transplantation (LTX) is a valuable treatment procedure for end-stage pulmonary disease, delayed referral to a transplant center should be avoided. We aimed to conduct a single-center analysis of the survival time after listing for LTX and waitlist mortality in each disease category in a Japanese population. Methods: We included patients listed for LTX at Tohoku University Hospital from January 2007 to December 2020 who were followed up until March 2021. Pulmonary disease was categorized into the Obstructive, Vascular, Suppurative, Fibrosis, and Allogeneic groups. Risk factors for waitlist mortality were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to model time to death. Results: We included 269 LTX candidates. Of those, 100, 72, and 97 patients were transplanted, waiting, and dead, respectively. The median time to LTX and time to death were 796 days (interquartile range [IQR] 579–1056) and 323 days (IQR 129–528), respectively. The Fibrosis group showed the highest mortality (50.9%; p <.001), followed by the Allogeneic (35.0%), Suppurative (33.3%), Vascular (32.1%), and Obstructive (13.1%) groups. The Fibrosis group showed a remarkable risk for waitlist mortality (hazard ratio 3.32, 95% CI 2.11–4.85). Conclusions: In Japan, the waiting time is extremely long and candidates with Fibrosis have high mortality. There is a need to document outcomes based on the underlying disease for listed LTX candidates to help determine the optimal timing for listing patients based on the estimated local waiting time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number390
JournalBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Keywords

  • Japan
  • Japan Organ Transplant Network
  • Lung transplantation
  • Mortality
  • Waiting time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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