Vortex enhancement in blood flow through stenosed and locally expanded tubes

Takuji Ishikawa, Shuzo Oshima, Ryuichiro Yamane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


It is well known that fluid dynamical phenomena in arterial blood flow can play an important role in arterial diseases. Periodic blood flow through stenosed and locally expanded tubes is analyzed numerically. The fluid is assumed to be non-Newtonian and incompressible, and the flow is assumed to be periodic in time and axisymmetric. It is found that the vortex downstream of stenosis or expansion becomes strongest at a certain frequency of pulsation. This phenomenon is called vortex enhancement in this paper. The flow pattern, separated region and the distributions of pressure and shear stress on the wall are obtained. The results show that the vortex enhancement occurs in both tubes. The vortex enhancement occurs where the difference between the adverse pressure and the friction on the wall is a maximum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-52
Number of pages18
JournalFluid Dynamics Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Bio-fluid mechanics
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Non-Newtonian fluid
  • Numerical analysis
  • Pulsation
  • Resonance
  • Stenosis
  • Vortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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