Voltage‐dependent ionic currents in dissociated paratracheal ganglion cells of the rat.

K. Aibara, S. Ebihara, N. Akaike

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    Abstract

    1. Conventional whole‐cell voltage‐clamp technique was used to study the electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of voltage‐dependent Na+, K+ and Ca2+ channels in parasympathetic neurones enzymatically dissociated from the paratracheal ganglia of rat trachea. The voltage‐dependent Na+, K+ and Ca2+ currents (INa, IK and ICa) were separated by the use of ion subtraction and pharmacological treatments. 2. INa was activated by a step depolarization more positive than ‐50 mV and fully activated at positive potentials more than +10 mV. The inactivation phase of INa consisted of fast and slow exponential components (tau if and tau is, respectively). The tau if and tau is were voltage dependent and decreased with a more positive step pulse. 3. The time course for recovery of INa from the complete inactivation exhibited two exponential processes. 4. The reversal potential of INa was equal to the Na+ equilibrium potential (ENa) and resembled a simple Na+ electrode depending only on external Na+ concentration. 5. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) reduced INa without affecting the current kinetics in a concentration‐dependent manner, and the concentration of half‐maximal inhibition (IC50) was 6 x 10(‐9) M. There was no TTX‐resistant component of INa in any of the cells tested. 6. Scorpion toxin increased the peak amplitude of INa and prolonged the inactivation phase in a time‐ and concentration‐dependent manner. In the presence of toxin, both tau is and the fractional contribution of the slow current component to total INa increased concentration dependently. 7. High‐threshold (L‐type) ICa was activated by a step depolarization more positive than ‐30 mV and reached a peak at near 0 mV in the external solution with 2.5 mM Ca2+. The current was inactivated to only a small extent (< 10%) during 100 ms of depolarizing step pulse. There was no low‐threshold (T‐type) ICa in this preparation. 8. The maximum ICa in individual current‐voltage (I‐V) relationships was saturated by an increase in extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]o). The I‐V relationships were also shifted along the voltage axis to the more positive potential with increasing [Ca2+]o. 9. The inactivation process of the L‐type ICa was dependent on Ca2+ influxes (ICa‐dependent inactivation). 10. Relative maximum peak currents of divalent cations passing through the L‐type Ca2+ channels were in the order of IBa > ICa > ISr. 11. Organic and inorganic Ca2+ antagonists blocked the ICa in a concentration‐dependent manner.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)591-610
    Number of pages20
    JournalThe Journal of Physiology
    Volume457
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1992 Nov 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology

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