Volcanic mountain area disaster caused by the Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku Earthquake of 2008, Japan

Motoki Kazama, Shunichi Kataoka, Ryosuke Uzuoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted an investigation of the geotechnical damage caused by an earthquake that struck on June 14, 2008. The earthquake was of magnitude 7.2 and hit a volcanic mountain area in Northern Japan. During the earthquake, the largest strong motion ever, over 4G, was recorded at the ground surface in the source region. As a result of the earthquake, a landslide of 1.5 million m 3 was generated near the top of the mountain and became a mud flow, traveling about 10 km downstream. The geomorphic characteristics of the mud flow are reported in this paper. Another huge landslide was generated upstream near the Aratosawa Dam. It was about 1 km in length, about 700 m in width and had a sliding mass volume of about 67 million m3, which slipped about 320 m. The geological features, the time series of the slide and the cause of the slide are also discussed. In addition, more than 50 landslide dams, formed due to the collapsed soil and rock, appeared after the earthquake. In this paper, the geotechnical properties of all the damage are introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-184
Number of pages17
JournalSoils and Foundations
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb

Keywords

  • Debris flow
  • Earthquake disaster
  • Landslide
  • Landslide dam
  • Strong motion
  • The 2008 Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku Earthquake
  • Volcanic area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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