Visualization of structural dynamics of protein disulfide isomerase enzymes in catalysis of oxidative folding and reductive unfolding

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Time-resolved single-molecule observations by high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM), have greatly advanced our understanding of how proteins operate to fulfill their unique functions. Using this device, we succeeded in visualizing two members of the protein disulfide isomerase family (PDIs) that act to catalyze oxidative folding and reductive unfolding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). ERdj5, an ER-resident disulfide reductase that promotes ER-associated degradation, reduces nonnative disulfide bonds of misfolded proteins utilizing the dynamics of its N-terminal and C-terminal clusters. With unfolded substrates, canonical PDI assembles to form a face-to-face dimer with a central hydrophobic cavity and multiple redox-active sites to accelerate oxidative folding inside the cavity. Altogether, PDIs exert highly dynamic mechanisms to ensure the protein quality control in the ER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Structural Biology
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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