Visualization of skin morphology and microcirculation with high frequency ultrasound and dual-wavelength photoacoustic microscope

Yoshifumi Saijo, Taiichiro Ida, Hideaki Iwazaki, Jun Miyajima, Huabin Tang, Ryo Shintate, Kanta Sato, Tatsuki Hiratsuka, Shin Yoshizawa, Shinichiro Umemura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skin aging is characterized by color and wrinkle caused by degeneration of collagen and elastin in the dermis. Recently, the volume, diameter and branching of the micro vessels in the skin are proved to affect these biomechanical changes. Thus, high resolution imaging for both micro structure and micro vessels of the skin is desired. In the present study, dual-wavelength photoacoustic microscope (PAM) combined with high frequency ultrasound (HFUS) is developed to visualize both the morphology and microcirculation of the skin. Two Nd:YAG laser light sources with the wavelength of 532/556 nm, pulse width of 1.2/3.6 ns, pulse energy of 16 μJ/pulse and repetition rate of 1 kHz were equipped in the HFUS-PAM system. The optical fiber for laser delivery was inserted through the center hole of the concave ultrasound transducer with the central frequency of 75 MHz. Both HFUS and PA signals were acquired at the sampling rate of 500 MHz and the resolution of 12 bits. The transducer was scanned by voice coil actuators to obtain 3D dataset of HFUS and PA signals. Oxygen saturation of the micro circulation was calculated by the PA signals alternately obtained at 532 nm and 556 nm. 3D image of the layered structure and the micro vessels representing oxygen saturation in the 6 mm x 6 mm x 3 mm volume of the skin was successfully obtained with the system. HFUS-PAM will provide important information of skin morphology and microcirculation for assessment of skin aging.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhotons Plus Ultrasound
Subtitle of host publicationImaging and Sensing 2019
EditorsLihong V. Wang, Alexander A. Oraevsky
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510623989
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
EventPhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2019 Feb 32019 Feb 6

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume10878
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferencePhotons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period19/2/319/2/6

Keywords

  • High frequency ultrasound
  • Microcirculation
  • Morphology
  • Photoacoustic microscopy
  • Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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