Viscosity of gaseous mixtures of HFC-134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) + HFC-32 (difluoromethane)

C. Yokoyama, T. Nishino, M. Takahashi

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13 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports experimental results for the viscosity of gaseous mixtures of HFC-134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) + HFC-32 (difluoromethane). The measurements were carried out with an oscillating-disk viscometer of the Maxwell type at temperatures from 298.15 to 423.15 K. The viscosity was measured for three mixtures containing 25.00, 52.40, and 74.98 mole% HFC-134a in HFC-32. Experimental results for the viscosity at normal pressures show a minimum as plotted against mole fraction in the higher temperature region, which may be the first experimental observation of the minima for dilute binary gaseous mixtures of HFCs. The viscosity at normal pressures was analyzed with the extended law of corresponding states developed by Kestin et al., and the scaling parameters were obtained for unlike-pair interactions between HFC-32 and HFC-134a. The modified Enskog theory developed by Vesovic and Wakeham was applied to predict the viscosity for the binary gaseous mixtures under pressure. As for the calculation of pseudo-radial distribution functions in mixtures, a method based on the equation of state for hard-sphere fluid mixtures proposed by Carnahan-Starling was applied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-88
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan


  • Binary mixture
  • Corresponding states
  • Enskog theory
  • HFC-134a
  • HFC-32
  • Mixture model
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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