Viscosity measurement of Pb-Sn binary melts and the effect of melting and solidification on the measurement

Tatsuhiko Ejima., Yuzuru Sato, Tsutomu Yamamura, Akio Hayashi, Tomoyuki Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Viscosities of Pb-Sn binary melts were measured by the use of an oscillating viscometer with a graphite cylindrical crucible in order to study the effect of the compositional inhomogeneity of the melt on the viscosity measurements. The reasons why the Pb-Sn binary alloy has been chosen were as follows. The Pb-Sn binary system shows an eutectic type of phase diagram, and there is a big difference between the densities of the components, Pb and Sn. Therefore, the Pb-Sn binary alloy would easily bring about compositional inhomogeneity between the upper and lower parts of the melts in the crucible. In this work, the viscometer has been modified to let the helium gas bubble into the melts so as to stir the melt completely. It was found that there was a difference between the viscosities observed for the melt stirred completely. It was found that there and remelting in the viscometer. Viscosity of the melt stirred shows a monotonous dependence against the composition, and the viscosity of the melt after remelting shows an irregular dependence with poor reproducibility. It is clear that the viscosity of the melt changes smoothly against the composition, although some investigators have pointed out singular composition dependence of the viscosity near the eutectic composition. On the basis of these results, it is concluded that the complete mixing of the melt is necessary for the measurements by the oscillating viscometer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1012
Number of pages8
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Viscosity measurement of Pb-Sn binary melts and the effect of melting and solidification on the measurement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this