Oil emulsion intake over a 30-min period was compared under different dietary conditions (ad libitum feeding and chronic food deprivation) and at various concentrations of oil in rats. The pattern of intake for each dietary condition was extremely different. Food-deprived rats ingested more emulsion when the solution was thicker but intake amount became less at too high a concentration. Ad libitum feeding rats ingested less emulsion than deprived rats with no difference among the concentrations. Rats on a restricted diet clearly differentiated between concentrations, selecting the thicker emulsion when provided two-bottle selection between 10% oil and some other concentration. On the other hand, rats fed ad libitum differentiated between only extremely weak solutions. The vigorous intake of oil emulsion induced by chronic food deprivation was maintained after 2 weeks of normal feeding. Significant difference between prior dietary conditions was maintained at lower concentrations. Dietary timing for food-deprived rats affected little on emulsion intake. These results indicate that response to oil emulsion intake differs by concentration in rats.
- Food deprivation
- Food preference
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Behavioral Neuroscience